De ischiade nervosa commentarius.
Cotugno, Domenico, 1736-1822
Ex calcographia publici
, 80 p.; 21 x 15 cm.
Cotugno studied under Morgagni at Padua. He was physician at the Hospital for Incurable in Naples, and later Professor of Surgery and Anatomy at Naples. He was also a book collector and assembled a fine library. In De ischiade Cotugno distinguished neurological sciatica from arthritis. He described in great detail the symptoms and etiology of sciatica, and outlined the methods for its treatment. The book contains a fine engraved plate indicating the points at which heat (blisters) should be applied for the treatment of sciatica. He also gives the first extensive description of the cerebrospinal fluid, mentioned by Valsalva in 1692. Cotugno anticipated Richard Bright by more than fifty years in the description of nephrosis, identifying the presence of congealed protein in the urine as the diagnostic sign of the disease. His other writings include a work on the aural aqueducts and the fluids of the middle ear (1761), one on smallpox (1769), and another on public hygiene in regard to tuberculosis. First published in 1764, De ischiade was republished many times during Cotugno's lifetime, and was translated into English (1775) and German (1792).
Heirs of Hippocrates 647; Lefanu, Lilly, p. 128-129; DSB
Academy of Medicine Collection